Music Theory
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Acoustic Composition
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What is musical texture?

Musical texture is how we describe the “density” of a musical piece. That may sound a little strange, but, in simple terms, it’s looking at the number of distinct melodic voices. Let’s explore this idea further:

Monophonic

Here’s an original melody. When there’s a single melodic line being performed by one or more musicians we call the texture “monophonic”

Homophonic

Here’s the same melody, but this time with a homophonic texture. Homophony is defined as having a single dominant melodic line with some accompaniment. Most of the music we hear on a day to day basis is homophonic.

Polyphonic

Here’s a polyphonic treatment of the melody. There are two main melodic ideas that move independently of each other as well as two voices in imitative counterpoint. Notice that each voice moves independently of the other voices.